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Proliferation of Weapons wfx forex cargo Mass Destruction: Assessing the Risks. Download “Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction: Assessing the Risks.

T hroughout history, human beings have been able to annihilate each other without weapons of mass destruction. However, the development of such weapons has greatly reduced the time and effort needed to kill, giving small nations and even subnational groups the ability to destroy lives on a scale that few nations could otherwise manage. Goodby, chair l Distinguished Service Professor Carnegie-Mellon University James F. Leonard, chair 2 Executive Director Washington Council on Non-Proliferation George Anzelon Associate Division Leader Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Will D. Carpenter chemical Industry Consultant Lewis A.

Dunn Assistant Vice President Science Applications International Corp. Randall Forsberg Executive Director Institute for Defense and Disarmament Studies Thomas R. Preject Staff Peter Blair Assistant Director, OTA Energy, Materials, and International Security Division Alan Shaw Program Manager International Security and Commerce Program Gerald L. Additional Reviewers Steve Fetter University of Maryland College Park, MD Thomas W. Graham International Security program, Rockefeller Foundation New York, NY Joseph Pilat Center for National Security Studies Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, NM Lawrence Sequist Office of the Secretary of Defense Washington, DC John Steinbruner Director, Foreign Policy Studies Program The Brookings Institution Washington, DC Victor A.

Introduction and Summary 1 s ince the end of the Cold War, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction has become much more prominent in U. Revelations about Iraqi, North Korean, South African, and Israeli nuclear weapon programs, the possibility of a nuclear arms race in South Asia, and the multidimensional conflicts in the Middle East all point to the immediacy of this problem. 2 I Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction: Assessing the Risks INTRODUCTION Frightening as they are, weapons of mass destruction-taken here to be nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons represent only part of the world s post-cold War security problems. Chapter 1- Introduction and Summary 3 shock waves, high pressures, flying debris, and extreme heat the same mechanisms by which conventional explosives injure and kill, albeit at vastly increased scale. Unlike conventional explosives, however, nuclear blasts also create neutron and gamma radiation, which can kill or harm those exposed at the instant of detonation. 4 I Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction: Assessing the Risks their cost when armed with conventional warheads, although they can have considerable political significance.

Combat aircraft also pose a potent threat for delivery of mass-destruction weapons. They are much more widely available than missiles, and efforts to control their spread are greatly complicated by the multiple roles that aircraft play. Chapter 1 Introduction and Summary 5 result, the degree of cooperation needed to contain proliferation cannot be achieved. Whether or not either of these views proves correct, the end of the Cold War has opened up new opportunities for cooperative nonproliferation policies. One promising sign is the revitalization of the United Nations Security Council. 6 I Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction: Assessing the Risks in their own best interest to forgo weapons of mass destruction.